What are the Best Treatment for Dementia?

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Dementia is a complex neurodegenerative disorder that is often referred to as a relentless and often heartbreaking condition. It affects millions of people worldwide, and poses a significant challenge for the individual and their loved ones.

This disease has a progressive nature and profound impact on cognitive function, including one’s thinking, reasoning, problem-solving, memory, language, perception, and decision-making abilities. Hence, finding effective treatments is of paramount importance.

While some types of dementia may be hereditary, others are not. But are these treatments for dementia? 

If you know someone who is affected by this disease, we are here to provide you with information on the latest advancements in dementia treatment and highlight some of the best approaches available today. 

By understanding the current understanding of dementia, you can better support your loved ones and explore options that can improve their quality of life.

Is Dementia Treatable?

Treatable? Yes. Curable? No. What does this mean?

elderly man looking confused as he is touching a sticky note on the wall and placed his other hand on his head

This means that dementia is manageable, can progressively slow down, and the symptoms can be addressed through various treatments. However, there is currently no known cure that can completely eliminate the condition nor completely reverse them.

But while there is no definitive cure for dementia, there are interventions, both medical and non-medical, available to help alleviate the symptoms, and improve the quality of life for individuals living with dementia. 

These interventions aim to alleviate the challenges associated with the condition and make daily life more manageable. So, while dementia cannot be cured completely, there are treatments and approaches that can make a positive difference and bring comfort to those affected by the condition.

5 Best Treatments for Dementia

From medications that target cognitive decline to non-pharmacological interventions that engage the mind and spark joy, these treatments have emerged as frontrunners in the battle against dementia. 


doctor writing a prescript medication along with the tablet on the front

The choice of medication to treat dementia depends on various factors, including the type and stage of dementia, patient’s characteristics, and any other underlying medical conditions. 

That being said, there are two primary classes of medications commonly used to treat dementia:

  • Cholinesterase inhibitors. ChE inhibitors are also called acetylcholinesterase inhibitors. This group of medicine is approved to treat all stages of Dementia, particularly Alzheimer’s disease. ChE inhibitors include Donepezil (Aricept), rivastigmine (Exelon) and galantamine (Razadyne) that help increase the levels of the neurotransmitter of the body to carry out the normal functioning of the nervous system.
  • Memantine. Memantine (Namenda) belongs to the class of drugs known as the NMDA receptor antagonist. It works by regulating the activity of glutamate, a neurotransmitter involved in learning and memory processes, and decreases  the abnormal activity of the brain. There are some other medications that are currently being studied in regards to its effectiveness, namely aducanumab or aduhelm (approved in the United States), and lecanemab (might become available in 2023).

It’s always safe to remember that it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional who can evaluate the specific situation and recommend the most suitable treatment approach for the disease.


elderly woman doing puzzle therapy with a help of a therapist as one of the best treatments for dementia

Besides medicines, there are therapies that focus on non-pharmacological interventions to support individuals with dementia. Here are some commonly used therapies:

  • Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST). This therapy involves engaging participants in a variety of group activities such as puzzles, reminiscence sessions, music, and arts and crafts. CST has been proven to enhance memory, thinking skills, and overall well-being in individuals with dementia.
  • Occupational Therapy. The main goal of occupational therapy is to enable people to engage in activities that are essential for their well-being, independence, and overall quality of life. This helps dementia patients to participate in everyday activities and tasks that are meaningful to them.
  • Cognitive Rehabilitation. A teamwork approach where individuals, their families, and a team of experts work together to improve cognitive abilities through structured exercises and training. 

These exercises include tasks to boost memory, enhance attention, solve problems, practice language skills, and tackle other cognitive challenges. Throughout the process, a rehabilitation professional provides guidance and support to help individuals make progress. 

  • Reality Orientation Therapy (ROT): ROT is designed to help individuals with dementia maintain a sense of reality and improve their orientation to time, place, and person.

By utilizing visual aids, including calendars and clocks, along with other prompts, ROT works to reinforce an individual’s awareness of their surroundings. This therapy not only minimizes confusion but also boosts engagement and enhances the person’s ability to communicate and actively participate in daily activities.

Home Remedies

an elderly woman doing a therapy session while holding a single pink dumbbells

Dementia alleviation can also start at home just by doing simple and normal day-to-day tasks, including:

  • Physical Exercises. Just like how physical exercises help a normal individual, these activities have shown positive effects in improving cognitive function and reducing the risk of cognitive decline in individuals with dementia. Exercise can enhance blood flow to the brain, promote neuroplasticity, and improve overall physical and mental well-being. 
  • Sensory Stimulation. This therapeutic approach focuses on stimulating the senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste, and smell to enhance cognitive function and improve the emotional state of individuals.
  • A regular nighttime routine. Sleep disturbances are common among dementia patients, leading to increased confusion, behavioral issues, and caregiver stress. By establishing a structured routine tailored to the individual’s needs, caregivers can help alleviate these challenges and enhance the overall well-being of their loved ones.
  • Horticultural therapy. A therapeutic approach that harnesses the power of gardening and plant-related activities to boost physical, mental, and emotional well-being. It involves getting individuals involved in various horticultural tasks like planting, tending to plants, and working in a garden environment. 

The primary aim of horticultural therapy is to enhance a person’s overall health and quality of life by tapping into the healing and therapeutic advantages of connecting with nature.

Alternative Medicines and Therapies

photo showing an acupunture therapy where the needle is just about to be inserted in a person's skin

In recent times, people have become more interested in alternative medicine as a way to complement traditional treatments for different health problems, including dementia.

But rather than taking a one-size-fits-all approach, alternative medicine practitioners recognize that each individual’s experience with dementia is unique. 

  • Acupuncture. An ancient Chinese practice involving the insertion of thin needles into specific points on the body, has been found to enhance cognitive abilities and improve memory in some individuals with dementia. 

While it is not a standalone treatment for dementia, it can be used as a complementary therapy alongside conventional approaches. Moreover, it’s also recommended to consult with a qualified acupuncturist or healthcare professional before undergoing acupuncture sessions.

  • Herbal remedies. Some herbal medicines, supplements, and juices such as ginkgo biloba and turmeric, have been studied for their potential neuroprotective effects and ability to enhance brain function.

The effectiveness of herbal medicine is attributed to the active compounds present in plants, which possess medicinal properties. By harnessing the healing power of plants, herbal medicines aim to restore balance and promote better health.

  • Taking molecular hydrogen. Either in the form of air, water, or supplements, molecular hydrogen helps combat oxidative stress and inflammation, which are known to contribute to the progression of neurodegenerative disorders like dementia. 

It can neutralize harmful free radicals, reduce neuroinflammation, enhance mitochondrial function and improve cellular energy metabolism, which can support brain health.

Coping and Support

Support and coping strategies for dementia involve more than just medical treatments.

It takes a comprehensive approach to meet the specific needs and difficulties faced by each person. This approach includes not only the individual with dementia but also their close circle of support, such as family, friends, and caregivers.

  • Support Groups and Counseling. Through open discussions, support groups and counseling offer a safe and nurturing space for individuals to express their feelings, exchange coping strategies, and gain a sense of belonging that can significantly contribute to their overall well-being. These activities have a positive impact on their overall happiness and health.
  • Caregiver Support. Recognizing the importance of caregiver support was developed to alleviate the burden and improve the overall well-being of both caregivers and individuals living with dementia. Hence, it alleviates the burden by providing information, education, and resources tailored to dementia care. These programs may include support groups, counseling services, educational workshops, and respite care options.
  • Community Engagement. Dementia often carries a social stigma that leads to misconceptions and discrimination, isolating individuals from their communities. By fostering a supportive and inclusive environment, promoting education and awareness, and facilitating access to appropriate treatments, community engagement becomes a powerful tool in the fight against dementia.

What is the Best Treatment for Dementia?

Dementia is a challenging condition that affects millions of people worldwide, impacting cognitive abilities and posing significant difficulties for individuals and their loved ones. 

While there is no cure for dementia, a range of treatments, therapies, home remedies, alternative approaches, and support systems are available to alleviate symptoms, enhance well-being, and improve the overall quality of life for individuals living with dementia.

Finding the most effective treatment for dementia often involves a personalized approach, considering factors such as the type and stage of dementia, the individual’s characteristics, and any accompanying medical conditions.

Thus, it’s essential to consult with healthcare professionals who specialize in dementia care to tailor the treatment plan to each individual’s specific needs. And as we continue to advance our knowledge and understanding of dementia, ongoing research and developments are paving the way for innovative treatments and interventions. 

The future holds promise for new medications, therapies, and approaches that may further enhance the quality of life for individuals living with dementia.

By combining these approaches and engaging with the community, we can create a more compassionate and supportive environment for those affected by this challenging condition.

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